An Enthusiastic Programmer

How to use Jetty build simple Http Server


Hello guys. I would like to explain how to use Jetty to build HTTP server in this blog. Welcome to leave comments if you have any troubles or thoughts about it.


Readers should download Jetty before the starting. According to official documents, readers can download Jetty at the download page, and access API document

Build HTTP Jetty server

The first step, create a server instance

Server server = new Server(8081);

Create a basic jetty server object that will listen on port 8081. Note that if you set this to port 0 then a randomly available port will be assigned that you can either look in the logs for the port or programmatically obtain it for use in test cases.

The second step, need to set Handler which should be wrapped.


the handler is an instance of an interface implementation class of org.eclipse.jetty.server.Handler interface. A Handler instance is required by an org.eclipse.jetty.server.Server to handle incoming HTTP requests.

Handlers are passed the servlet API request and response object but are not Servlets. The servlet container is implemented by handlers for context, security, session, and servlet that modify the request object before passing it to the next stage of handling.

org.eclipse.jetty.server.Handler interface has lots of derived class, this chapter will demonstrate ServletContextHandler usage.

handler has a relevance with Servlet Instance by function handler.addServlet().

  ServletContextHandler handler = new ServletContextHandler(
  ServletHolder myserverletholder = new ServerletHolder(new myserverlet());
  handler.addServlet(myserverletholder, pathSpec);

myservletholder is an instance of org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletHolder. it’s a servlet instance and context holder. Holds the name, params and some state of a javax.servlet.Servlet instance. It implements the ServletConfig interface. This class will organize the loading of servlets when needed or requested.

Each ServletHolder instance normally interests a javax.servlet.Servlet interface. servlet is a small Java program that runs within a Web server. servlets receive and respond to requests from Web clients, usually across HTTP(HyperText Transfer Protocol). To implement this interface, you can write an HTTP servlet that extends to javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.

    public static class myservlet extends HttpServlet {
         * handle get request
        protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request,
                HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException,
                IOException {
         * handle post request
        protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp)
          throws ServletException, IOException {

The last step, need to start the server


We have discussed the ServletContextHandler usage, actually org.eclipse.jetty.server.Handler interface has lot of derived classes. The ServletContextHandler is only one of the org.eclipse.jetty.server.Handler’s drived classes. And the ServletContextHandler is not suitable for handling more complicated scenarios, my GitHub had demonstrated WebAppContext extends to org.eclipse.jetty.server.Handler demo.


Above demonstrated how to create a simple HTTP server use Jetty, I hope this page will be helpful for you. if you have any troubles or thoughts, welcome to leave messages. Have a good day!